November 4, 2023.
2023 年 11 月 4 日。
I would like to express my heartfelt thanks and warm welcome to all the experts and scholars who have come to participate in the seminar, and sincerely hope that through friendly and open communication, we can fully share our educational and teaching experience, learn from each other, exchange inspiration warmly and freely, and reach a common understanding that the art of dance serves the public, the society, and the nation, and form the results of research on the teaching and learning of dance.
"An Introduction to the Experience of Teaching Ethnic Folk Dance."
First, the teaching method of Chinese folk dance classroom should permeate the aesthetic education
First of all, the penetration of aesthetic education in theoretical teaching. The teaching of folk dance should also pay attention to theoretical knowledge, theoretical knowledge can let students have a perceptual understanding of folk dance, initially students feel the beauty of folk dance mainly through the visual and auditory. The beauty of folk dance is mainly felt through the aesthetic medium in theory teaching. Through teaching materials, videos and other ways to comprehensively analyze the movement beauty, costume beauty and music beauty of folk dance. Secondly, the penetration of aesthetic education in practical teaching. In practical teaching, the beauty of folk dance is mainly shown through the dynamic body image. Its beauty is mainly expressed in the beauty of rhythm, expression, modeling and character. Rhythm shows the body's expression of music, and the body shows a kind of dynamic variation of toughness, flexibility, tension and speed with the rhythm of music, and what is hidden in the beauty of flowing rhythm is the beauty of the body's strength, flexibility, speed and coordination. The beauty of expression and modeling is a kind of instant static beauty, which embodies a kind of line, control, balance and passion, and it can leave a deep impression on people's brains in a short time. The beauty of personality reflects that folk dance is a sport with strong personality characteristics, due to different people's inner temperament and different physical conditions in the performance of folk dance produces different effects of beauty. Theoretical teaching provides students with a perceptual understanding of folk dance, while practical teaching provides a rational understanding, which is based on perceptual understanding of the beauty of folk dance. The movement of folk dance shows the fusion of body and emotion, and the beauty of folk dance is expressed through this fusion of body and emotion. Expressing feelings through movements is the essence of folk dance.
Second, the teaching of ethnic folk dance should focus on the grasp of the movement form
Ethnic folk dance performers to master its style of the first step is to grasp the action, ethnic folk dance action form grasp, basically grasp the basic style of ethnic folk dance. The style is formed by the unity of the unique content and form of the artwork, and the unity of the personality characteristics of the artist as the main body of creation and the objective characteristics determined by the subject matter, genre, and historical conditions of the work, such as the society and the era. In folk dance, style is a kind of disguised `national spirit, the soul of the dance. From this, we can see that the teaching of folk dance should first let students master the style of movement form, only in this way can the distinctive artistic personality and temperament of folk dance be fully realized. In the whole teaching process of folk dance, it is necessary to start from reflecting the national style of traditional dance in our country, and adopt the technical law and aesthetic principle of "combining inside and outside, both God and form"; in the training of the students' body functions and skills in the expressive power, it is necessary to start from the context of the content, so that the form, the eyes, the expression of the organic combination. Only in this way can students grasp the form and style of folk dance better.
Third, the teaching of folk dance should focus on the grasp of emotion
Dance and singing are the same, both need to carry the emotion, both need to show the emotion it wants to show, only with the emotion of the performance can move others, can really understand the work. In the folk dance classroom teaching, movement imitation is no longer the main content, it has a whole set of training procedures, are sorted out from different nationalities, and its formation has been refined, processed and standardized. But folk dance classroom teaching can not be completed only by this set of training procedures, but also need to be integrated into the dance of love. First of all, in traditional teaching, teachers only focus on the standardization of movement and the rich and varied guidance of the dance, modern people's aesthetic concepts have changed a lot with the continuous development of society, so the traditional teaching methods can not be fully adapted to the needs of modern people. In modern folk dance classroom teaching, teachers should not only focus on solving the standardization of movement and the richness and variety of dance posture, but also focus on the embodiment of the real emotion that it has. Secondly, in other subjects, a single boring teaching will make students lose interest in learning, and the same is true in folk dance teaching. Therefore, teachers must focus on instilling the spirit of each nation into students in the classroom teaching of folk dance, guiding students to stand in the perspective of life to embody the emotions and experience the role, and then embody the expressed emotions from the movement, so that the effect of the performance will certainly be excellent and touching. From the perspective of cultivating emotions, it can be understood that the rich emotions expressed in ethnic folk dance are realized through the rich language of forms.
民族民间舞蹈教学与民族民间舞蹈文化研究应共同发展，在教学内容中体现民族传统文化。我国有 56 个民族，每个民族至少有一种以本民族命名的舞蹈，可见民族民间舞蹈在我国的传播范围非常广，种类也很多。教师在教学内容中应尽量选择能表现民族特色的动态语汇和风格韵律，使学生掌握各民族民间舞蹈的风格，为学生做好铺垫。
Fourth, the teaching of ethnic folk dance should pay attention to the penetration of national traditional culture in the teaching process
Ethnic folk dance teaching and ethnic folk dance cultural research should be developed together, reflecting the traditional ethnic culture in the teaching content. There are 56 nationalities in our country, and each nationality has at least one kind of dance named after its own nationality, which shows that the spreading range of ethnic folk dance in our country is very wide and there are many kinds. Teachers should try to choose the dynamic vocabulary and style rhythms that can express the national characteristics in the teaching content, so that students can master the styles of folk dances of various nationalities and make a good preparation for students.
In addition, teachers can use music to inspire students in folk dance class. Under the guidance of music, students will have an inspiration to improvise. In Chinese folk dance, music itself is an inseparable part of the dance, and students will produce different movements with different music, which is conducive to the training of students' adaptability. Music is also an important factor in students' emotional brewing, which helps students integrate into the dance more quickly. Therefore, the integration of music not only cultivates students' creativity and reflective thinking, but also enables students to grasp the emotions in the dance, and ultimately renders an excellent performance.
The integration of folk dance culture and folk dance teaching firstly needs to realize unification in concept. Especially in today's society, cultural pluralism and globalization are intertwined, and people's aesthetic concepts and values tend to be diversified. Therefore, in ethnic folk dance education, ethnic folk dance culture rooted in traditional culture needs to be fully emphasized and inherited, but it also needs to flexibly reflect modern people's aesthetic concepts to meet modern people's cultural needs.
The teaching method of folk dance should be based on a free, flexible and lively teaching method, with the premise of encouraging students to show their own individual characteristics, which not only inherits the classics of folk dance, but also can flexibly incorporate modern elements. At the same time, it is also able to differentiate the teaching according to the level and interests of students, so that students can learn more easily and happily.
Ethnic folk dance culture and the practice of folk dance teaching should be unified, the lack of practical application of practical teaching, students often master a skill only at the theoretical level. For this reason, folk dance teaching should focus on practical teaching, so that students can deepen their understanding of folk culture in practice. Moreover, schools can organize students to go to practice places to understand the folklore of the dance they are learning, so as to strengthen the practical teaching.